Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) is a popular alternative for contact lenses and glasses. The doctors implant these lenses inside the eyes to correct the vision. The ICL is created from a biocompatible material known as collamer. The material is a combination of polymer and collagen that does not cause any discomfort to the patients.
For the user, the difference between the contact lens and ICL is that they don’t have to remove the ICL regularly like the contact lens as it is implanted inside the eye by surgery.
It is one of the safest procedures for correcting the vision.
It can increase the pressure in the eye and cause glaucoma. It can also lead to cataract formation. Other than this, retinal detachment, infection, loss of corneal endothelial cell and inflammation can take place. However, complications after the surgery are very rare.
ICL is overall a painless procedure. Some patients might feel a gritty sensation for a couple of days after the procedure. However, this sensation wears off as the eyes heal.
Before ICL surgery, you have to go through a screening procedure to make sure your eyes are healthy and suitable for the implantation surgery. During the screening, the doctor will take your complete eye health and medical history. The doctor will also check your eyes thoroughly to measure your pupils, the distances between the iris and cornea (anterior chamber depth) and count the number of cells on the back of the cornea (endothelial cell counts).
It is one of the quickest procedures. The patient has to spend around 10-15 minutes in the operating table. However, they have to spend at least 2-3 hours in the day procedure centre.
Ideally, both the eyes should not be operated on the same day. The other eye can be operated on the next day or after 3-4 days.